1. Breast Cancer: Did you know that 1 out of 8 women in the world have chances of developing breast cancer? Breast cancer is generally seen in women after menopause, but it can strike much earlier. The majority of breast cancer patients are women.
But, every year, about 2,000 U.S men get breast cancer, as well. The most common symptoms of breast cancer are:
swelling of all or part of the breast
skin irritation or dimpling
nipple pain or the nipple turning inward
redness or thickening of the nipple or breast skin
a nipple discharge other than breast milk
a lump in the underarm areaNext-Page>> 2
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2. Prostate Cancer: Prostate cancer is an abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells found in your prostate gland. It’s the most common cancer in men in the US. Your prostate gland is about the size of a walnut and lies at the base of your bladder.
The main function of your prostate gland is to produce fluid that makes up part of your semen. Prostate cancer is different from most other cancers because small growths of cancer inside the prostate are very common and can be harmless for many years. It’s thought that one in eight men may have cancer cells in their prostate at some point in their lives
Problems urinating, including a slow or weak urinary stream or the need to urinate more often, especially at night.
Blood in the urine
Trouble getting an erection (erectile dysfunction)
Pain in the hips, back (spine), chest (ribs), or other areas from cancer spread to bones
Weakness or numbness in the legs or feet, or even loss of bladder or bowel control from cancer pressing on the spinal cord.
3. Cervical Cancer: Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in a woman’s cervix (the entrance to the womb from the vagina). Cancer of the cervix often has no symptoms in its early stages. If you do have symptoms, the most common is unusual vaginal bleeding, which can occur after sex, in between periods or after the menopause.
Abnormal bleeding doesn’t mean that you definitely have cervical cancer, but it should be investigated by your GP as soon as possible. If your GP thinks you might have cervical cancer, you should be referred to see a specialist within two weeks.
irregular vaginal bleeding
vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor
watery vaginal discharge
vaginal discharge tinged with blood
pelvic or back pain
pain during sex
swelling of the legs
4. Oral Cancer: Mouth cancer, also known as oral cancer, is where a tumor develops on the surface of the tongue, mouth, lips or gums. Tumors can also occur in the salivary glands, tonsils and the pharynx (the part of the throat from your mouth to your windpipe) but these are less common.
A cancer that develops on the inside or outside layer of the body is called a carcinoma and these types of cancer are categorized by the type of cells the cancer starts in. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of mouth cancer, accounting for nine out of 10 cases.
Squamous cells are found in many places around the body, including the inside of the mouth and under the skin.
an ulcer in your mouth or on your lip
discomfort or pain in your mouth
red or white patches in your mouth
a lump on your lip, tongue or in your neck
unexplained bleeding in your mouth
numbness of your tongue or other part of your mouth
changes to your voice – it may sound hoarse or quieter or you may slur your words
Skin Cancer: Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells. It occurs when unrepaired DNA damage to skin cells (most often caused by ultraviolet radiation from sunshine or tanning beds) triggers mutations, or genetic defects,
that lead the skin cells to multiply rapidly and form malignant tumors. There are 3 main types of skin cancers: basal cell skin cancers, squamous cell skin cancers and melanomas skin cancers. The most common symptoms are:
appear as a firm, red lump
develop a crust or scab
it can be itchy
looks like a flat, red spot which is scaly and crusty
develop into a painless ulcer
make the skin raised in the area of the cancer
feel tender to touch
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